The Treaty of Amritsar of 1809 was an agreement between the British East India Company and Maharaja Ranjit Singh, the Sikh leader who founded the Sikh Empire. Among the results, Singh obtained a pass to further consolidate his territorial gains north of the Sutlej River, to the detriment of other Sikh chiefs and their colleagues among other dominant communities. It was a pact between Charles T. Metcalfe and Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Article I The British Government entrusts to Maharajah Gulab Singh and the male heirs of his body all the hilly or mountainous lands, with its dependencies east of the Indus and west of the Ravi River, including Lahol, and with the exception of Lahol, since it is part of the territories ceded to the British Government by the State of Lahore in accordance with the provisions of Article IV. of the Treaty of Lahore of 9 March 1846. To pay for this, the Kashmiris were heavily taxed from the outset and complained of being sold into slavery, and British writers wrote extensive literatures on these treaties.             The Slavery Abolition Act 1833 (3 & 4 Will). IV c. 73) abolished slavery throughout the British Empire. The Slavery Abolition Act 1833 (3 & 4 Will.
IV c. 73) entered into force before the signing of the Treaty of Amritsar (1846) (16 March 1846). As early as 1868, Robert Thorp stated in the book Cashmere Misgovernment that the people of Kashmir were sold to Gulab Singh in slavery.  Arthur Brinkman, in his article “The Wrongs of Cashmere,” written in December 1867, also says, “Inform the reader of the lamentable state of a people whom we have sold against their inclination and their cry united to us.” Arthur Brinkman was an Anglican missionary and the Anglican missionary groups had collaborated with the Anti-Slavery Society a few years earlier, to insist on the Slavery Abolition Act 1833 Article 3 Given the transfer made to him and his heirs by the provisions of the previous article, Maharajah Gulab Singh will pay the British government the sum of seventy-five Rupees Lakh (Nanukshahee), Fifty Lakhs to be paid on October 1 of the current year, AD, 1846. The Lahore Contract, which was signed on the 9th the First Anglo-Sikh War, which took place between the Sikh Empire and the East India Company between 1845 and 1846, marked the end of the First Anglo-Sikh War.